Database Management Basics

Database management is a system for managing information that aids the company’s business operations. It involves storing and distributing data it to applications and users making edits as needed, monitoring data changes, and stopping data corruption due unexpected failure. It is an integral part of the overall infrastructure of a company that assists in decision making and corporate growth as well as compliance with laws like the GDPR and the California Consumer Privacy Act.

The first database systems were invented in the 1960s by Charles Bachman, IBM and others. They developed into information management systems (IMS), which allowed large amounts data to be stored and retrieved for a range of purposes. From calculating inventory, to aiding complicated financial accounting functions, and human resource functions.

A database is tables that organize data according to a certain scheme, such as one-to-many relationships. It uses the primary key to identify records and permits cross-references among tables. Each table has a collection of fields, referred to as attributes, that contain information about data entities. The most widely used type of database that is currently in use is a relational model designed by E. F. “Ted” Codd at IBM in the 1970s. This design is based on normalizing the data, making it more easy to use. It also makes it easier to update data since it eliminates the necessity of changing different sections of the database.

Most DBMSs can accommodate multiple database types by providing different levels of external and internal organization. The internal level deals with cost, scalability, and other operational issues, like the physical layout of the database. The external level is the representation of the database on user interfaces and applications. It could comprise a mix of external views based on different data models. It also could include virtual tables that are computed using generic data to improve the performance.